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Parts of 5 Decomposing Numbers Lemonade Activity


Hey teacher friends! I don’t know about you, but I am always looking for fun, meaningful ways to engage my students during our math lessons (or anytime, really). That’s why I made this lemonade-themed activity. Whether you want to spruce up your math centers or are checking for student understanding, this free Parts of 5 Decomposing Numbers Lemonade Activity is just what you need!

*Pair with our Addition Centers and Activities for Pre-K & Kindergarten!

Grab this free Parts of 5 Decomposing Numbers Lemonade Activity and liven up your Kindergarten small groups or math centers!

Parts of 5 Decomposing Numbers Lemonade Activity

This engaging activity for decomposing numbers can be used multiple ways as you guide your students to build an understanding of part-part-whole relationships and decomposing numbers. It’s perfect for small groups, math centers, or as an independent activity in Kindergarten. Gather your supplies and check out my favorite ways to use this hands-on activity below!


Small Groups

When using this activity in small groups, begin by printing the “Making Lemonade” parts of 5 mats and lemon slice cut outs. I printed mine on colored paper to make it really pop. You can laminate the mat for durability, or keep it simple and place it inside a dry erase pocket sleeve.

Print the Making Lemonade mat on colored paper and add to a dry erase pocket sleeve to make it reusable.

Give each student a “Making Lemonade” mat and 5 lemon slices (the paper cut outs, of course). The large pitcher on the mat will be your students’ (pretend) lemonade glass. The picture of the jar labeled lemons represents the other part of the whole that students need to make 5.

It’s important that if your students are just starting to explore parts of 5, that you guide them through making the various parts.

To begin, have students count the number of lemon slices that they have. Let them know that they’re going to be exploring the different parts that make 5. Be sure to also read the sentence frame on the bottom of the mat with them.

Once they understand the set up of the mat, you can begin guiding them in moving their lemon slices.

Students can use a dry erase marker to fill in the sentence frame and model decomposing numbers.

A general framework for how to move through the activity might look like this:

  1. “Put __ lemons in your glass.” Students move given number of lemon slices into their lemonade glass.
  2. “Put the rest of the lemons in the lemon jar.” Students move remaining lemon slices onto the jar picture. 
  3. “How many lemons are in your glass? How many more are in your lemon jar?” Students respond.
  4. “Let’s say the number sentence.” Students and teacher say the sentence at the bottom of the mat together, replacing the blanks with the numbers used.
  5. Once they have said the sentence, they can write the missing numbers and read it again.

Teacher Tip: Check to see who can identify the groups without counting them. This shows a basic understanding of subitizing (the ability to instantly recognize the number of objects in a set without having to count them).

Independent Math Activity or Assessment

If you are using this activity for independent work or as an assessment, start by printing enough “Making Lemonade” mats and sets of lemon slices for each student on white copy paper.

I suggest leaving the lemon slices in strips of 5 for your students to cut out. Yay for more fine motor skills practice!

For independent work, print the Making Lemonade activity sheet on white paper and grab some crayons.

When introducing the activity, let your students know that the large pitcher on the mat is their lemonade glass and the jar picture has the extra lemons. Tell them that they’re going to use the glass and the jar to show the parts that make 5.

Just as you would if you were using this for a small group activity, be sure to read the sentence frame with your students.

Hand out one “Making Lemonade” mat and one set of 5 lemon slices to each student. Once they cut out their lemon slices, you can encourage them to try setting up the lemon slices on the mat in different ways.

Students model decomposing numbers by filling the lemonade jar and lemonade glass with the separate parts of 5.

Eventually, they should decide on how they’d like to separate the lemon slices to show the parts of 5 and glue them down.

Once they have them separated, they can fill in the sentence frame on the bottom. The last step is to color, of course!

Grab Your FREE Copy

Ready to start decomposing numbers in a fun, hands-on way? Grab your free copy of the Parts of 5 Lemonade Activity by clicking the large, yellow download button below! Click Here to Download Your Printable


3 Responses

  1. This is great abd cery simple resource and im sure kids are going to love it. thank you so much. Keep being an awesome helpful teacher.

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